Posts for: June, 2017
All treatments for periodontal (gum) disease focus on one goal — to remove any bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that are at the heart of the infection. Plaque is a thin surface film of food particles and bacteria that cause gum disease.
Plaque builds up on tooth surfaces due to inadequate oral hygiene. And as the disease progresses brushing and flossing won’t be enough — you’ll need our services and specialized equipment to fully remove the plaque and calculus. The basic technique is called scaling in which we remove plaque and calculus manually from tooth surfaces above and just a few millimeters below the gum line.
As the disease develops, though, the slight natural gap between teeth and gums may begin to increase to form voids known as periodontal pockets. Filled with infection, these pockets can extend below the gum line onto the roots of the tooth. If the pocket extends more than 4 millimeters, basic scaling may not be able to remove all of the plaque and calculus.
Periodontists (dentists who specialize in the treatment and care of gum tissues) can perform a surgical method to access these deeper areas. Known as flap surgery, this procedure aims not only to reach and disinfect periodontal pockets and root surfaces, but also repair damaged gum tissue and create a better environment for future hygiene and treatment.
As the name implies, we create an opening in the gum tissue with one side remaining attached to the gum structure — much like the flap of a paper envelope. Through this opening we’re able to reach areas to remove plaque and calculus, as well as install both bone grafts to regenerate lost bone and growth factors to stimulate tissue growth. Once finished, we stitch the flap back into place with sutures and, in many cases, place a moldable dressing to protect and hold the flap secure while the incision heals.
This relatively minor procedure can be performed with local anesthesia and requires only a few days of recuperation. The results, though, can provide long-term benefits — reduced infection, better bone and gum health, and a more conducive environment for future maintenance of health — that could save your teeth and your smile for many years to come.
If you would like more information on treatments for gum disease, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Periodontal Flap Surgery.”
You might need to take out your wisdom teeth if you are experiencing pain or have an infection. Crowding of the teeth, deep decay or the presence of periodontal disease can also prompt the need to have the wisdom teeth extracted. A dentist can evaluate your mouth and determine if the wisdom teeth should be pulled. In Ajax, ON, wisdom teeth extraction is performed by Dr. Saeid Jafarpour, Dr. Kevin Kwong and Dr. Azza Elhaddad at Ajax Dental Centre.
Wisdom Teeth Extraction
There are several reasons why you should have your wisdom teeth taken out. If the teeth are crowded, impacted or infected, extraction can alleviate those problems. Additionally, for individuals experiencing chronic pain following eruption of the wisdom teeth, particularly if the teeth have only partially erupted, extraction can provide relief from the pain and discomfort. Removing the wisdom teeth can also prevent certain problems from occurring in the future, such as damage to other teeth situated near the wisdom teeth.
The procedure to remove wisdom teeth requires just a few days recovery before patients can return to normal activities. To perform the procedure, patients are given a sedative, such as nitrous oxide, and/or a local anesthetic to minimize pain. An incision is then made in the gums and the wisdom teeth are carefully removed. The gums are stitched closed following extraction of the teeth. In Ajax wisdom teeth can be removed by an experienced dentist or oral surgeon.
Following extraction of the wisdom teeth, there might be some bleeding, swelling or bruising. Applying ice to the cheeks can help reduce swelling and bruising. Additionally, over-the-counter or prescription pain medications can be taken to alleviate any pain and discomfort that occurs in the days following the procedure. Finally, if your stitches are not dissolvable, you will need to return to the dentist or oral surgeon to have them removed.
If you are suffering with pain or have infected, crowded or impacted teeth, wisdom teeth extraction might be necessary. For extraction of wisdom teeth in Ajax, ON, schedule an appointment with Dr. Jafarpour, Dr. Kwong or Dr. Elhaddad by calling Ajax Dental Centre in Ajax, ON, at (905) 426-8304.
When the multi-platinum recording artist, songwriter and TV personality Jason Derulo was recently asked about his ideal woman, his answer covered a remarkably broad spectrum. "There’s no specific thing," he said, "so I think it’s unfair to say what my ‘type’ is." But it turns out that there is one thing the So You Think You Can Dance judge considers essential: A beautiful smile.
"I’m not into messy teeth," Derulo said. "If the grill has spaces and different colors, it’s not my vibe."
As it turns out, he may be on to something: A number of surveys have indicated that a bright, healthy smile is often the first thing people notice when meeting someone new. Yet many are reluctant to open up that big grin because they aren’t satisfied with the way their teeth look. If you’re one of them, consider this: Modern cosmetic dentistry offers a variety of ways to improve your smile — and it may be easier and more affordable than you think.
For example, if your smile isn’t as bright as you would like it to be, teeth whitening is an effective and economical way to lighten it up. If you opt for in-office treatments, you can expect a lightening effect of up to 10 shades in a single one-hour treatment! Or, you can achieve the same effect in a week or two with a take-home kit we can custom-make for you. Either way, you’ll be safe and comfortable being treated under the supervision of a dental professional — and the results can be expected to last for up to two years, or perhaps more.
If your teeth have minor spacing irregularities, small chips or cracks, it may be possible to repair them in a single office visit via cosmetic bonding. In this process, a liquid composite resin is applied to the teeth and cured (hardened) with a special light. This high-tech material, which comes in colors to match your teeth, can be built up in layers and shaped with dental instruments to create a pleasing, natural effect.
If your smile needs more than just a touch-up, dental veneers may be the answer. These wafer-thin coverings, placed right on top of your natural teeth, can be made in a variety of shapes and colors — from a natural pearly luster to a brilliant "Hollywood white." Custom-made veneers typically involve the removal of a few millimeters of tooth enamel, making them a permanent — and irreversible — treatment. However, by making teeth look more even, closing up spaces and providing dazzling whiteness, veneers just might give you the smile you’ve always wanted.
If you would like more information about cosmetic dental treatments, please call our office to arrange a consultation. You can learn more in the Dear Doctor magazine article “Cosmetic Dentistry — A Time for Change.”